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//Thermal mass flow sensor
Thermal mass flow sensor 2018-04-16T08:09:42+00:00

Project Description

(Last Updated On: April 16, 2018)

Thermal gas mass flow meter is designed on the basis of thermal dispersion, and adopts method of
constant differential temperature to measuring gas flow. It has advantages of small size, easy installation,
high reliability and high accuracy, etc.
The meter contains two platinum resistance temperature sensors. The thermal principle operates by
monitoring the cooling effect of a gas stream as it passes over a heated sensor. Gas flowing through the
sensing section passes over two sensors one of which is used conventionally as a temperature sensor,
whilst the other is used as a heater. The temperature sensor monitors the actual process values whilst
the heater is maintained at a constant differential temperature above this by varying the power consumed
by the sensor. The greater the gas velocity, the greater the cooling effect and power required to maintain
the differential temperature. The measured heater power is therefore a measure of the gas mass flow
rate.
The format of gas velocity and power is shown as below:
……(1)
Where: is specific gravity of medium
V is velocity
K is balance coefficient
Q is heater power
Δ T is differential temperature
The medium temperature range of meter is -40℃~220℃.
In the format (1), the specific gravity of medium is related to the density:
……(2)
Where: is the medium density in working condition(kg/m3)
ρn is the medium density in standard condition, 101.325kPa and 20℃ (kg/m3)
P is the pressure in working condition(kPa)
T is the temperature in working condition (℃)
In the formats (1) and (2), there is a certain functional relationship between the velocity and pressure in
working condition, medium density, the temperature in working condition.
Due to the sensor temperature is always 30℃ higher than the medium temperature (environment
temperature), and the meter adopts method of constant differential temperature, therefore the meter do
not need to do temperature and pressure compensation in principle

Project Details

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